Ancient Egyptian writing equipment
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The Egyptians did not distinguish between religious and secular life. Temples were used as local administrative centres and scribes served as part-time priests. Schools, law courts and local government offices were all part of the temple complex, along with treasuries and the stores of grain, oil, linen and other commodities that were collected in taxes and used to pay state employees.
Because everyone needed to visit the temple as part of daily life, Egypt’s rulers set up public decrees on the outside walls. After the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great in 323 BC, Greek became the language of government, but Egyptian remained in use. The Rosetta stone was a temple decree written in both languages, so that everyone could read it. Later this made it possible for scholars to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphs.
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