Flour for Lancashire workers

For the classroom

The Rochdale barrel with the inscription


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© Rochdale Arts & Heritage Service

The Rochdale barrel without the inscription


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© Rochdale Arts & Heritage Service

A political cartoon


A political cartoon engraved by George Cruikshank in 1861 to raise funds for families suffering in Lancashire’s Cotton Famine.

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Detail of a bank note from Manchester


Detail of a bank note from Manchester featuring a spinning machine; AD 1800 – 1863.

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A bank note from the state of Georgia


A bank note from the state of Georgia, just before the outbreak of the American Civil War.

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The arrival of the aid ship George Griswold

Source: sonofthesouth.net

Article from Harper’s Weekly about the arrival of the aid ship George Griswold. There is a detailed engraving of the ship.

Visit the site http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1863/march/george-griswold.htm

A painting of Manchester

Source: bbc.co.uk

A painting of Manchester c1840 as industry spreads.

Visit the site http://www.bbc.co.uk/arts/yourpaintings/paintings/view-of-manchester

Barrels on a dockside

Source: heritage-explorer.co.uk

An image of hundreds of barrels on a dockside in London from c1870.

Visit the site http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/searchdetail.aspx?id=4716&crit=barrel&large=1

Online map showing Britain’s trade

Source: maps.bpl.org

High resolution online map with zoom showing Britain’s trade with her empire in 1886. The data in text boxes on the map reveals how Britain exported more to her colonies than she imported from them.

Visit the site http://maps.bpl.org/id/m8682

Account of Bread Riots at Stalybridge

Source: news.bbc.co.uk

BBC account of Bread Riots at Stalybridge in 1863 when the authorities tried to pay the unemployed with credit tickets, not cash.

Visit the site http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/manchester/hi/people_and_places/history/newsid_8461000/8461414.stm

Engraving of Lancashire unemployed workers

Source: lookandlearn.com

An engraving of Lancashire unemployed workers creating a new public park in Blackburn in 1864.

Visit the site http://www.lookandlearn.com/history-images/U255105/Employment-of-Lancashire-Operatives-under-the-Public-Works-Act-at-Revidge-Hill-Corporation-Park-Blackburn?img=94&search=Lancashire-Warrington

Family affected by the Cotton Famine

Source: bbc.co.uk

BBC article by a journalist descended from a family affected by the Cotton Famine. It shows no sign of acknowledging the alternative view that many Lancashire workers actually supported the south in the US Civil War.

Visit the site http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-21057494

Cotton Famine crisis written at the time

Source: gerald-massey.org.uk

Articles about the Cotton Famine crisis written at the time: six webpages with detailed text and many valuable illustrations of the lives of the poor.

Visit the site http://gerald-massey.org.uk/waugh/c_cotton_famine_(1).htm

Website that supports the study of any workhouse anywhere in Britain

Source: workhouses.org.uk

This particular page explains how the Marland workhouse at Rochdale was built by the town’s unemployed as work relief provided during the Cotton Famine.

Visit the site http://www.workhouses.org.uk/Rochdale/

BBC web page recalling Gandhi’s visit to Lancashire in 1931

Source: bbc.co.uk

Visit the site http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-lancashire-15020097

Andrew Marr considers Gandhi’s role in achieving Indian Independence

Source: bbc.co.uk

BBC video in which Andrew Marr considers Gandhi’s role in achieving Indian Independence. This clip concentrates on his protests against the salt tax, but there are You Tube videos show him visiting Lancashire.

Visit the site http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p011nrhs

Outside the classroom

Here are some relevant museums and sites to visit.

Touchstones Museum, Rochdale

Source: link4life.org

Visit the site http://www.link4life.org/centres/touchstones-rochdale

Quarry Bank Mill

Source: nationaltrust.org.uk

A National Trust property that was once a leading cotton mill with steam-powered machinery

Visit the site http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/quarry-bank/learning/

Merseyside Maritime Museum, Liverpool

Source: liverpoolmuseums.org.uk

A trail reveals the city’s role in the American Civil War

Visit the site http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/maritime/collections/americancivilwar/

Website with details of workhouses

Source: http://www.workhouses.org.uk

Local sites can be found by using its search facility.

Visit the site http://www.workhouses.org.uk

Flour for Lancashire workers