Egypt’s relationship with its southern neighbour, Nubia, was a complex one. Egypt wanted the wealth of Nubia’s gold mines and control of the African trade that passed through it. For long periods, Nubia was occupied by Egypt and governed by a viceroy on behalf of the Egyptian king. However, a family of Nubian rulers eventually turned the tables and took control of Egypt, ruling as the 25th Dynasty (about 747 – 656 BC). This selection of objects illustrates those relationships.
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