Most ordinary Egyptians worked on the land for at least some of the year as part of their duty to the state. The majority of the farmland belonged to wealthy individuals such as the king and his noblemen, or to institutions like temples. Landowners employed stewards to look after their farms and supervise the field workers. Every year officials measured the fields and checked the boundary stones to make sure they had not been moved. Then they calculated how much of the harvest the landowner would have to pay in tax. Grain paid in taxation was stored in state granaries and provided some insurance against famine in years when the harvest was poor.
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